Bauhaus, a revolutionary school of design, art, and architecture, emerged in Germany in the early 20th century. It became one of the most influential movements in modern design history, leaving an indelible mark on various creative disciplines. In this blog post, we will delve into the world of Bauhaus, exploring its origins, key principles, notable figures, and enduring legacy.

Origins of Bauhaus:

The Bauhaus school was founded in 1919 in Weimar, Germany, by architect Walter Gropius. It aimed to bring together different artistic disciplines under one roof, erasing the boundaries between fine art, crafts, and industrial design. The name “Bauhaus” itself is derived from the German words “Bau” (building) and “Haus” (house), signifying the fusion of art and technology.

Key Principles:

  1. Unity of Art and Craft: Bauhaus sought to reunite artistic creativity with craftsmanship, recognising that the two were intertwined. The school emphasised the value of functional design and the marriage of form and function.
  2. Form Follows Function: This principle, often associated with the Bauhaus movement, emphasises that the design of an object should be primarily driven by its intended purpose and use. It rejects unnecessary ornamentation and embraces simplicity and utility.
  3. Experimentation with Materials and Techniques: Bauhaus encouraged students and artists to explore innovative materials and techniques to create functional and aesthetically pleasing designs. Experimentation with new industrial materials and mass production methods played a pivotal role in the movement.
  4. Minimalism and Simplicity: Bauhaus embraced minimalism in design, emphasising clean lines, geometric shapes, and simplicity. The focus was on reducing unnecessary elements and achieving visual harmony.

Notable Figures:

  1. Walter Gropius: As the founder of Bauhaus, Walter Gropius was instrumental in shaping its philosophy and direction. His visionary leadership brought together artists, architects, and designers to create a unique learning environment.
  2. Wassily Kandinsky: A renowned painter and teacher at Bauhaus, Kandinsky explored abstract art and colour theory. His work exemplified the fusion of art and design principles.
  3. Marcel Breuer: A talented architect and furniture designer, Breuer’s innovative use of tubular steel in furniture became an iconic hallmark of the Bauhaus movement.

Enduring Legacy:

Despite the Bauhaus school’s relatively short existence (it was forced to close in 1933 due to pressure from the Nazi regime), its impact has been profound and far-reaching. The core principles and aesthetics of Bauhaus design have influenced countless architects, designers, and artists worldwide.

Bauhaus-inspired designs can be seen in various aspects of our daily lives, from furniture and lighting to graphic design and typography. The movement’s emphasis on functionalism, minimalism, and experimentation has left an indelible mark on contemporary design.


Bauhaus remains a seminal movement that revolutionised the way we think about design, art, and architecture. Its innovative approach, focus on functionality, and integration of art and technology continue to inspire creative minds today. By blending form and function, Bauhaus has provided a lasting legacy that continues to shape the world of design in the 21st century and beyond.